The Vesuvio is one of the most visited and known volcanoes in the world and is located within a caldera of 4 km in diameter.
High 1281 meters dominates the skyline of the Gulf of Naples, from which it is about 9 km, with its imposing presence, and it seems to observe the entire Gulf. The crater of Vesuvius has a diameter of about 700 meters and is 200 meters deep. It includes two volcanoes: Mount Somma and the Great Cone of Vesuvius. Since 1995 Vesuvius has become a national park where you can reach the summit along a path to walk.
Its frequent eruptions have shaped history and continue to affect the lives of those living in its shadow.
What remains of the ancient volcano is Mount Somma after the great eruption of 79 A.D. which led to the collapse of the south-eastern slope, where later the current crater was formed. In fact, in ancient times Vesuvius was not considered a volcano, but a mountain with a single peak as seen in several frescoes preserved at the Archaeological Museum of Naples where Vesuvius is represented.